# biom.table.Table.subsample¶

Table.subsample(n, axis='sample', by_id=False, with_replacement=False, seed=None)

Randomly subsample without replacement.

Parameters:
nint

Number of items to subsample from counts.

axis{‘sample’, ‘observation’}, optional

The axis to sample over

by_idboolean, optional

If False, the subsampling is based on the counts contained in the matrix (e.g., rarefaction). If True, the subsampling is based on the IDs (e.g., fetch a random subset of samples). Default is False.

with_replacementboolean, optional

If False (default), subsample without replacement. If True, resample with replacement via the multinomial distribution. Should not be True if by_id is True.

seedint, optional

If provided, set the numpy random seed with this value

Returns:
biom.Table

A subsampled version of self

Raises:
ValueError
• If n is less than zero.

• If by_id and with_replacement are both True.

Notes

Subsampling is performed without replacement. If n is greater than the sum of a given vector, that vector is omitted from the result.

This code assumes absolute abundance if by_id is False.

Examples

```>>> import numpy as np
>>> from biom.table import Table
>>> table = Table(np.array([[0, 2, 3], [1, 0, 2]]), ['O1', 'O2'],
...               ['S1', 'S2', 'S3'])
```

Subsample 1 item over the sample axis by value (e.g., rarefaction):

```>>> print(table.subsample(1).sum(axis='sample'))
[ 1.  1.  1.]
```

Subsample 2 items over the sample axis, note that ‘S1’ is filtered out:

```>>> ss = table.subsample(2)
>>> print(ss.sum(axis='sample'))
[ 2.  2.]
>>> print(ss.ids())
['S2' 'S3']
```

Subsample by IDs over the sample axis. For this example, we’re going to randomly select 2 samples and do this 100 times, and then print out the set of IDs observed.

```>>> ids = set([tuple(table.subsample(2, by_id=True).ids())
...            for i in range(100)])
>>> print(sorted(ids))
[('S1', 'S2'), ('S1', 'S3'), ('S2', 'S3')]
```